Climates

This page shows all climate categories based on the Köppen climate classification.

Koppen World Map

Group A: Tropical/megathermal climates

Tropical climates are characterized by constant high temperatures (at sea level and low elevations) — all 12 months of the year have average temperatures of 18 °C (64.4 °F) or higher. (Source: Wikipedia)

Group B: Dry (arid and semiarid) climates

potential evapotranspiration exceeds precipitation. These Köppen climate types extend from 20 to 35° North and South of the equator and in large continental regions of the mid-latitudes often surrounded by mountains. (Source: eoearth.org)

Group C: Temperate/mesothermal climates

These climates have an average monthly temperature above 10 °C (50 °F) in their warmest months (April to September in northern hemisphere), and an average monthly temperature above −3 °C (27 °F) in their coldest months. (Source: Wikipedia)

Group D: Continental/microthermal climates

These climates have an average temperature above 10 °C (50 °F) in their warmest months, and a coldest month average below −3 °C (or 0 °C in some versions, as noted previously). These usually occur in the interiors of continents and on their upper east coasts, normally north of 40°N. In the Southern Hemisphere, group D climates are extremely rare due to the smaller land masses in the middle latitudes and the almost complete absence of land at 40–60°S, existing only in some highland locations. (Source: Wikipedia)

Subarctic climate

  • Cold climate with dry cold summer (Dsc)
  • Cold climate with dry summer and very cold winter (Dsd)
  • Cold climate with dry winter and cold summer (Dwc)
  • Cold climate with dry very cold winter (Dwd)
  • Cold climate with cold summer and no dry season (Dfc)
  • Cold climate with very cold winter and no dry season (Dfd)

Group E: Polar and alpine climates

These climates are characterized by average temperatures below 10 °C in all 12 months of the year. (Source: Wikipedia)