Cold climate with dry warm summer, with dry winter and warm summer, and with warm summer and no dry season (Dsb, Dwb, Dfb)

Koppen_World_Map_Dfb_Dwb_Dsb

Areas featuring this subtype of the continental climate have an average temperature in the warmest month below 22 °C. Summer high temperatures in this zone typically average between 21–28 °C (70–82 °F) during the daytime and the average temperatures in the coldest month are generally far below the −3 °C (27 °F) isotherm. Frost-free periods typically last 3–5 months. Heat spells lasting over a week are rare. Winters are brisk and cold.

The cool summer version of the humid continental climate covers a much larger area than the hot subtype. In North America, the climate zone covers from about 44°N to 50°N latitude mostly east of the 100th meridian. However, it can be found as far north as 54°N, and further west in the Canadian Prairie Provinces and below 40°N in the high Appalachians. In Europe this subtype reaches its most northerly latitude at nearly 61° N.

In the Western Hemisphere, high-altitude locations as South Lake Tahoe, California, and Aspen, Colorado, in the western United States exhibit local Dfb climates. The south-central and southwestern Prairie Provinces also fits the Dfb criteria from a thermal profile, but because of semi-arid precipitation portions of it are grouped into the BSk category.

In Europe, it is found in Poland, Russia, the Nordic countries of Sweden and Finland, Norway, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovakia, Romania and eastern Hungary. It has little warming or precipitation effects from the northern Atlantic. The cool summer subtype is marked by mild summers, long cold winters and less precipitation than the hot summer subtype; however, short periods of extreme heat are not uncommon. Northern Japan has a similar climate.

In the Southern Hemisphere it exists in well-defined areas only in the Southern Alps of New Zealand, the Snowy Mountains of Australia, Kiandra, New South Wales, and perhaps as isolated microclimates of the southern Andes of Chile and Argentina. (Source: Wikipedia)

Cold climate with dry warm summer (Dsb)

Below is a list of countries in which there is an area with this climate:

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Cold climate with dry winter and warm summer (Dwb)

Below is a list of countries in which there is an area with this climate:

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Cold climate with warm summer and no dry season (Dfb)

Below is a list of countries in which there is an area with this climate:

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