Temperate dry winter, hot summer (Cwa) & Temperate hot summer without dry season (Cfa)

Koppen_World_Map_Cwa_Cfa

A humid subtropical climate is a zone of subtropical climate characterised by hot, usually humid summers and mild to cool winters.

According to the Köppen climate classification, part of its subtypes, climate Cfa (humid temperate with hot summer) and Cwa (humid temperate with dry winters) – including between 20° and 35/40° latitude – were defined humid subtropical climates. In this case the coldest month’s mean temperature to be between −3 °C (26.6 °F) and 18 °C (64.4 °F), and the warmest month to be above 22 °C (71.6 °F). Some climatologists prefer to use 0 °C (32 °F) as the lower demarcation for the coldest month’s mean temperature. It is either accompanied with a dry winter (Köppen: w) — or has no distinct dry season (Köppen: f). Under the Trewartha climate classification, a modified version of the Köppen climate classification, climates are termed humid subtropical when they have mean temperatures of 10 °C (50 °F) for eight or more months a year. In most locations classed within this system, the mean temperature of the coldest month is between 3 °C (35 °F) and 18 °C (65 °F). Some climatologists consider the Trewartha grouping of subtropical climates to be more real-world and fitting on a global scale.

Rainfall in humid subtropical climates often shows a summer peak, and where monsoons are well developed, like Southeast Asia, a strong summer peak and winter drought is common. Due to the influence of the subtropical highs and subsidence, droughts can be severe and often catastrophic to agriculture. Winter rainfall is associated with large storms and fronts that the westerlies steer from west to east, that on occasion reach down into subtropical latitudes. Most summer rainfall occurs during thunderstorms and weak tropical lows that move in from adjacent warm tropical oceans.

. (Source: Wikipedia)

Temperate dry winter, hot summer (Cwa)

Below is a list of countries in which there is an area with this climate:

  • Angola
  • Argentina
  • Australia
  • Bangladesh
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia
  • Brazil
  • China
  • Democratic
  • Republic of Congo
  • Ethiopia
  • India
  • Kenya
  • Laos
  • Lezotho
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Mexico
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Nepal
  • Pakistan
  • Peru
  • South Korea
  • Tanzania
  • Vietnam
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe
  • Zwaziland

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Temperate hot summer without dry season (Cfa)

Below is a list of countries in which there is an area with this climate:

  • Argentina
  • Australia
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bolivia
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Brazil
  • Bulgaria
  • China
  • Croatia
  • Georgia
  • Greece
  • India
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Macedonia
  • Madagascar
  • Mexico
  • Montenegro
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Romania
  • Russia
  • Serbia
  • South Africa
  • South Korea
  • Taiwan
  • Turkey
  • United States

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