Temperate dry winter, warm summer (Cwb)


The subtropical highland variety of the oceanic climate exists in elevated portions of the world that are within either the tropics or subtropics, though it is typically found in mountainous locations in some tropical countries. Despite the latitude, the higher altitudes of these regions mean that the climate tends to share characteristics with oceanic climates, though it also tends to experience noticeably drier weather during the lower-sun “winter” season.

In locations outside the tropics, other than the drying trend in the winter, subtropical highland climates tend to be essentially identical to an oceanic climate, with mild summers and noticeably cooler winters, plus, in some instances, some snowfall. In the tropics, a subtropical highland climate tends to feature spring-like weather year-round. Temperatures there remain relatively constant throughout the year and snowfall is seldom seen. Areas with this climate feature monthly averages below 22 °C (72 °F) but above −3 °C (27 °F) (or 0 °C (32 °F) using American standards). At least one month’s average temperature is below 18 °C (64 °F). Without the elevation, many of these regions would likely feature either tropical or humid subtropical climates. These regions usually carry a Cwb or Cfb designation, though very small areas in Yunnan, Sichuan and parts of Argentina and Bolivia have summers sufficiently short to be Cwc with fewer than four months over 10 °C (50 °F). Copacabana, Bolivia, is one town that features this rare variation of the subtropical highland climate.
Curitiba, capital city of Brazilian Paraná state features a subtropical highland climate.
This type of climate exists in parts of east, south and southeastern Africa, the exposed areas of High Atlas, some mountainous areas across southern Europe, sections of mountainous North (including higher elevations of the Southern Appalachians), Central and South America, some mountainous areas across Southeast Asia, and parts of the Himalayas. It also occurs in a few areas of Australia, although average high temperatures during summers there tend to be higher and the climate drier than is typical of subtropical highland climates, with summer maxima sometimes exceeding 40 °C (104 °F). (Source: Wikipedia)

Below is a list of countries in which there is an area with this climate:

  • Angola
  • Argentina
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia
  • Brazil
  • China
  • Colombia
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Ecuador
  • Ethiopia
  • Guatamala
  • India
  • Kenya
  • Lesotho
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Mexico
  • Mozambique
  • Nepal
  • Pakistan
  • Peru
  • South Africa
  • Tanzania
  • Venezuela
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe

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