Crops

 

 

This page shows all crop categories and within each category the crops. The crops can be clicked in order to drill down into the posts per crop.

CerealsCereals

A cereal is any grass cultivated for the edible components of its grain (botanically, a type of fruit called a caryopsis), composed of the endosperm, germ, and bran.

The following is the list of cereals:

 Leafy & stem vegetablesLeafy & stem vegetables

Leaf vegetables, also called potherbs, greens, vegetable greens, leafy greens, or salad greens, are plant leaves eaten as a vegetable, sometimes accompanied by tender petioles and shoots.

Stem vegetables are plant stems used as vegetables. Although many leaf vegetables, root vegetables, and inflorescence vegetables in fact contain substantial amounts of stem tissue, the term is used here only for those vegetables composed primarily of above-ground stems.

Fruit gearing vegetablesFruit bearing vegetables

This category are kind of fruits but still we categorize them in vegetables:

Root, bulb, and tuberous vegetablesRoot, bulb, and tuberous vegetables

Root vegetables are plant roots used as vegetables. In the same category are added bulb and tuber crops.

 

MushroomsMushrooms and truffles

This category only consists of 2 types:

Tropical and sub tropical fruitsTropical and subtropical fruits

Tropical fruits are not hardy to colds, while subtropical are not hardy to extreme colds, yet tolerate some frost and may have a modest chilling requirement.

Citrus fruitsCitrus fruits

Citrus is a common term and genus (Citrus) of flowering plants in the rue family, Rutaceae.

The most recent research indicates an origin in Australia, New Caledonia and New Guinea.[1] Some researchers believe that the origin is in the part of Southeast Asia bordered by Northeast India, Burma (Myanmar) and the Yunnan province of China,[2][3][4] and it is in this region that some commercial species such as oranges, mandarins, and lemons originated. Citrus fruit has been cultivated in an ever-widening area since ancient times; the best-known examples are the oranges, lemons, grapefruit, and limes. Despite some superficial similarities, pineapple is not closely related to citrus. (Source: Wikipedia)

GrapesGrapes

A grape is a fruiting berry of the deciduous woody vines of the botanical genus Vitis.

Grapes can be eaten raw or they can be used for making wine, jam, juice, jelly, grape seed extract, raisins, vinegar, and grape seed oil. Grapes are a non-climacteric type of fruit, generally occurring in clusters. (Source: Wikipedia)

BerriesBerries

In everyday language, a berry is a small, pulpy and often edible fruit. Berries are usually juicy, rounded, brightly colored, sweet or sour, and do not have a stone or pit, although many pips or seeds may be present. Common examples are strawberries, raspberries, blueberries; and red- and blackcurrants. In Britain soft fruit is a horticultural term for such fruits.

The scientific usage of the term berry differs from common usage. In scientific terminology, a berry is a fruit produced from the ovary of a single flower in which the outer layer of the ovary wall develops into an edible fleshy portion (botanically the pericarp). The definition includes many fruits that are not commonly known as berries, such as grapes, tomatoes, cucumbers, eggplants (aubergines), avocados and bananas. Fruits excluded by the botanical definition include strawberries and raspberries. A plant bearing berries is said to be bacciferous or baccate. (Source: Wikipedia)

Pomme and stone fruitsPome and stone fruits

In botany, a pome (after the Latin word for fruit: pōmum) is a type of fruit produced by flowering plants in the subtribe Malinae of the family Rosaceae. Pome’s origin of the word came from the Middle English (fruit), from Anglo-French pume, pomme (apple, fruit) and, ultimately from Late Latin pomum. First use, 15th century. (Source: Wikipedia)

In botany, a drupe (or stone fruit) is an indehiscent fruit in which an outer fleshy part (exocarp, or skin; and mesocarp, or flesh) surrounds a shell (the pit, stone, or pyrene) of hardened endocarp with a seed (kernel) inside. These fruits usually develop from a single carpel, and mostly from flowers with superior ovaries (polypyrenous drupes are exceptions). The definitive characteristic of a drupe is that the hard, “lignified” stone (or pit) is derived from the ovary wall of the flower—in an aggregate fruit composed of small, individual drupes (such as a raspberry), each individual is termed a drupelet and may together form a botanic berry. (Source: Wilipedia)

NutsNuts

A nut is a fruit composed of a hard shell and a seed, which is generally edible. In a general context, however, a wide variety of dried seeds are called nuts, but in a botanical context, there is an additional requirement that the shell does not open to release the seed (indehiscent).

Most seeds come from fruits that naturally free themselves from the shell, unlike nuts such as hazelnuts, chestnuts, and acorns, which have hard shell walls and originate from a compound ovary. The general and original usage of the term is less restrictive, and many nuts, such as almonds, pecans, pistachios, walnuts, and Brazil nuts, are not nuts in a botanical sense. Common usage of the term often refers to any hard-walled, edible kernel as a nut. (Source: Wikipedia)

Other fruits

The following fruits are fruits that don’t fit in any of the other categories.

Oilseed cropsOilseed crops

A seed oil is a vegetable oil that is obtained from the seed (endosperm) of some plant, rather than the fruit (pericarp).

Most vegetable oils are seed oils. Some common examples are sunflower oil, canola oil, and sesame oil.

Some important vegetable oils are not seed oils. Some examples are olive oil and peanut oil. (Source: Wikipedia)

Root, bulb, & tuberous vegetablesRoot & tuber

Root vegetables are underground plant parts used as vegetables. They are called root vegetables for lack of a better generic term, but include both true roots such as tuberous roots and taproots, as well as non-roots such as tubers, rhizomes, corms, bulbs, and hypocotyls. (Source: Wikipedia)

Beverage cropsBeverage crops

Several native crops can be used to make refreshing drinks. Coffee and tea are the most popular beverages drunk worldwide. At Native crops by region, the native regions on where these can be grown are marked on the map, … are also listed). They can be drunk at other locations as well yet should then be imported there (the same goes for any other crop used to make beverages as well). In order to give some ideas on what beverage/crop is best drunk/grown per location, some crops are listed below. Keep in mind that some of these may have a mild relaxing effect or may be a stimulant (similar to coffee).(Source: Appropedia)

Spice cropsSpice crops

A spice is a seed, fruit, root, bark, berry, bud or vegetable substance primarily used for flavoring, coloring or preserving food. Spices are distinguished from herbs, which are parts of leafy green plants used for flavoring or as a garnish. Many spices have antimicrobial properties. This may explain why spices are more commonly used in warmer climates, which have more infectious disease, and why the use of spices is prominent in meat, which is particularly susceptible to spoiling.[1] A spice may have other uses, including medicinal, religious ritual, cosmetics or perfume production, or as a vegetable. (Source: Wikipedia)

Leguminous cropsLeguminous crops

A legume (/ˈlɛɡjuːm/ or /ˌləˈɡjuːm/) is a plant in the family Fabaceae (or Leguminosae), or the fruit or seed of such a plant. Legumes are grown agriculturally, primarily for their grain seed called pulse, for livestock forage and silage, and as soil-enhancing green manure. Well-known legumes include alfalfa, clover, peas, beans, lentils, lupins, mesquite, carob, soybeans, peanuts and tamarind. (Source: Wikipedia)

Sugar cropsSugar crops

In addition to providing the source for the manufacture of sugar, SUGAR CROPS are used to produce alcohol and ethanol. In certain countries, sugar cane is eaten raw in minor quantities. It also is used in the preparation of juices and for animal feed.

There are two major sugar crops: sugar beets and sugar cane. However, sugar and syrups are also produced from the sap of certain species of maple trees, from sweet sorghum when cultivated explicitly for making syrup and from sugar palm. Sugar beets that are cultivated solely as a fodder crop and red or garden beets that are classified as vegetable crops are excluded from the FAO list of sugar crops. (Source: fao)

Other cropsOther crops

Any other crop that doesn’t fit in the above categories is listed below.

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