Posted on March 22, 2016
The abiu prefers a high, even temperature, high humidity, and high rainfall evenly distributed throughout the year. In keeping with its tropical origin, the abiu is cold sensitive. A temperature drop to 30·F will cause defoliation. A lower temperature may kill the tree outright.
The abiu is a low-maintenance tree. It performs satisfactorily on most types of soil, including clay and sand, but it seems to do best on soils with a high water-holding capacity. It requires irrigation during fruit development and during periods of drought. Little information exists on the tree’s nutritional requirements, although grower can safely assume that light applications of a balanced fertilizer will benefit growth and enhance productivity. To date, no significant pests or diseaes have affected the abiu in Florida. Superior cultivars are grafted or air layered.
In Florida, fruit mature from August through October. A mature specimen may produce as much as 400 pounds of fruit. The fruit should be harvested when it is still firm, but after most of the skin has turned yellow. If the fruit is picked prematurely, latex will interfere with eating quality. It is considered ready to eat when the skin is light yellow. By the time the skin turns golden yellow ,the fruit is past its prime. The abiu is best eaten chilled. The pulp can simply be spooned from the rind. Once cut, the fruit discolors with exposure to air.
(Source: FBFP Boning)